Prof. Sharon Toker

מנהלת ביה"ס למנהל עסקים סגל אקדמי בכיר
Prof. Sharon Toker
Phone: 03-6407488
Fax: 03-6407739
Office: Recanati - Business Administration, 431

Short Biography

Sharon Toker is currently an Associate Professor and the head of the Healthcare Management program at Tel Aviv University’s Coller School of Management.

Prof. Toker graduated from Tel Aviv University, completing her B.A. in Psychology and Sociology (1997) and her PhD in Organizational Behavior with distinction (Accelerated Doctoral Program, 2007). In 2008 she completed her postdoctoral fellowship at Stanford University and soon after joined the Department of Organizational Behavior in Tel Aviv University’s Coller School of Management.

Prof. Toker is the associate editor of the Academy of Management Perspectives Journal and the Occupational Health Science Journal. She has published more than 30 papers and book chapters and was awarded the Early Career Achievement Award by the American Psychological Association (APA) and the National Institute of Occupational Safety & Health (NIOSH) in 2013.

Prof. Toker teaches Organizational Behavior and Stress Management courses. She was granted numerous teaching awards including the Tel-Aviv University Rector Award (2013), Tel-Aviv University best 100 lecturers awards, and the Coller School of Management teaching awards in 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018.

In addition to her academic activity, Prof. Toker is an active advocate for employees' wellbeing. She is working with the Israeli Ministry of Health and with the Ministry of Law to reduce employees' burnout levels. She is also an illustrator, translating her research findings into visual images. Her illustrations appear in both academic and non-academic outlets.

Fields of Research

Prof. Toker’s research strives to discover the extent to which occupational and environmental factors, stress perceptions, and organizational resources affect the physical and mental wellbeing of employees. By combining various areas of knowledge such as occupational psychology, cognition, and medicine, in addition to conducting experimental as well as observational longitudinal studies among thousands of employees, she points to the risk involved in exposure to occupational and environmental stressors (including the fear of terrorism). She also strives to identify effective ways of coping with such risks. Her studies combine new models and constructs that are at the forefront of current psycho-occupational research (e.g., stress perceptions and mind wandering). As an expert in the field of work stress and health, Prof. Toker’s research serves as the basis for policy change on both national and international scales. 


Focal topics of Prof. Toker’s research include:

>> Stress, burnout, and employee health

>> Stress theory, perception, and mindset

>> Mind wandering at work

>> Health promotion in organizations

>>  Gender inequality at work

>>  Organizational cynicism 

Awards and Prizes



Ben-Avi, N., Toker, S., & Heller, D. (2018). “If stress is good for me, it's probably good for you too”: Stress mindset and judgment of others' strainJournal of Experimental Social Psychology74, 98-110.



· Hoppe, A., Toker, S., Schachler, V., & Ziegler, M. (2017). The effect of change in supervisor support and job control on change in vigor: Differential relationships for immigrant and native employees in IsraelJournal of Organizational Behavior, 38(3), 391-414.

· Toker, S., & Melamed, S. (2017).  Stress, Recovery, Sleep, and Burnout. In C. Cooper, & Campbell, J., C., (Ed.) The Handbook of Stress and Health: A Guide to Research and Practice, 168-185.

· Ben-Avi, N & Toker, S., (2017). Being stressed about stress- Do people's beliefs about stress matter?. In P. Perrewé, M. Rossi & J. Meurs (Ed.) Stress and quality of working life. 23-40.



·  de Reuver, R. S. M., Biron, M., & Toker, S. (2016). Employees are equal, but some are more equal than others: Dominance, agreeableness and status inconsistency among men and women. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 25(3), 430-446.

· Shenhar-Tsarfaty, S., Toker, S., Shapira, I., Rogowski, O., Berliner, S., Ritov, Y., & Soreq, H. (2016). Weakened cholinergic blockade of inflammation associates with diabetes-related depression. Molecular Medicine, 22, 156.



· Kalish, Y., Luria, G., Toker, S. & Westman, M. (accepted) Till stress do us part: On the interplay between perceived stress and communication network dynamics. Journal of Applied Psychology, 100 (6), 1737-1751.

·Shenhar-Tsarfaty, S., Yayon, N., Waiskopf, N., Shapira, I., Toker, S., Zaltser, D., ... & Soreq, H. (2015). Fear and C-reactive protein cosynergize annual pulse increases in healthy adults. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences112(5)  E467–E471.

· Toker, S., Laurence, G. & Fried, Y.( 2015), Fear of terror and increased job burnout over time:  Examining the mediating role of insomnia and the moderating role of work support. Journal of Organizational Behavior 36(2), 272-291

· Toker, S., Heaney, C. A., & Ein-Gar, D. (published on-line , ahead-of-print), Why Won't They Participate? Barriers to Participation in Worksite Health Promotion ProgramsEuropean Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology.24 (6), 866-881.



· Shirom, A., Toker, S., Melamed, S., Berliner, S. & Shapira, I.  (2013). Burnout and Vigor as Predictors of the Incidence of Hyperlipidemia among Healthy EmployeesApplied Psychology: Health and Well-Being. 5(1), 79-98.

· Fried, Y., Laurence, G. A., Shirom, A., Melamed, S., Toker, S. Berliner, S. & Shapira, I. (2013). The relationship between job enrichment and abdominal obesity: A longitudinal field study of apparently healthy individuals. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 18(4), pp.458-468.

· Toker, S., Gavish, I., & Biron, M.  (2013). Job Demand-Control-Support and diabetes risk: The moderating role of self-efficacy. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology22(6), 711-724.

· Armon, G. & Toker, S. (2013). The role of personality in predicting repeat participation in periodic health screeningJournal of Personality81 (6), 452-464.

· Zelber-Sagi, S*., Toker, S*. Armon, T., Melamed, S., Berliner, S., Shapira, I., Halpern, Z., Santo, E., & Shibolet, O. (2013). Elevated alanine transaminase independently predicts new onset of depression in employees undergoing health screening examinations.  * Equal contribution.  Psychological Medicine43(12), 2603-2613.

·         Armon, G., Melamed, S & Toker, S. ,  Berliner, S., & Shapira, I.  (2014). Joint effect of chronic medical illness and burnout on depressive symptoms among employed adults. Health Psychology, 33(3):264-272.

·         Shenhar-Tsarfaty, S., Yayon, N., Waiskopf, N., Shapira, I., Toker, S., Zaltser, D., ... & Soreq, H. (2014). Fear and C-reactive protein cosynergize annual pulse increases in healthy adults.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201418264.



· Shirom, A., Toker, S., Shapira, I., Berliner, S., & Melamed, S. (2010). Vigor, anxiety and depressive symptoms as predictors of changes in fibrinogen and C-reactive proteinApplied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 2(3), 251-271.

· Shirom, A., Toker, S., Jacobson, O., & Balicer, R. (2010). Feeling Vigorous and Risk of All-Cause Mortality, Ischemic Heart Disease and Diabetes: A 20-years Follow-up of Apparently Healthy Employeesץ Psychosomatic Medicine 72, pp 727-733.

·  Shirom, A., Toker, S., Alkalay, Y., Jacobson, O., & Balicer, R. (2011). Work-based predictors of mortality: A 20-year follow-up of healthy employees. Health Psychology. 30(3), 268-275

·  Shirom, A., Toker, S., Melamed, S. & Shapira, I.  (2012). The relationships between self-rated health and serum lipids across timeInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine19(1), pp 73-81.

·  Shirom, A., Toker, S., Melamed, S., Berliner, S. & Shapira, I.  (2012). Life and Job Satisfaction as Predictors of the Incidence of Diabetes. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being.  4(1), 31-48

·  Toker, S. & Biron, M. (2012). Job Burnout and Depression: Unraveling their Temporal Relationship and Considering the Role of Physical Activity. Journal of Applied Psychology97(3). 699-710.

·  Toker, S., Shirom, A., Melamed, S. & Armon, G.  (2012). Work Characteristics as Predictors of Diabetes Incidence among Apparently Healthy Employees.  Journal of Occupational Health Psychology17(3), 259-267.

·  Toker, S., Melamed, S., Shirom, A., Berliner, S., Zeltser, D. & Shapira, I. (2012) Burnout Is Associated with Coronary Heart Disease Incidence: A Prospective Study of 8,838 EmployeesPsychosomatic Medicine, 74(8), 840-847.



·  Melamed, S., Shirom, A., Toker, S., Berliner, S. & Shapira, I. (2004). Association of fear of terror with low grade inflammation among apparently healthy employed adultsPsychosomatic Medicine 66, pp. 481-491.

·  Toker, S., Rogowski, O., Melamed, S., Shirom, A., Shapira, I., Berliner, S., et al. (2004). Association of components of the metabolic syndrome with the appearance of aggregated red blood cells in the peripheral blood. An unfavorable hemorheological finding
Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, 21, 197-202

· Mardi, T., Toker, S., Melamed, S., Shirom, A., Zeltser, D., Shapira, I., et al. (2005). Increased erythropoiesis and subclinical inflammation as part of the metabolic syndrome.
 Diabetes Research And Clinical Practice  , 69(3), 249-255.  

·  Rogowski, O., Toker, S., Shapira, I., Melamed, S., Shirom, A., Zeltser, D., et al. (2005). Values of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in each month of the year in apparently healthy individualsAmerican Journal of Cardiology, 95(1), 152-155

·  Rogowski, O., Shapira, I., Toker, S., Melamed, S., Shirom, A., Berliner, S., et al. (2005). Obesity-related correlation between C-reactive protein and the calculated 10-y Framingham Coronary Heart Disease Risk ScoreInternational Journal of Obesity (Lond), 29(7), 772-777.  

· Toker, S., Shirom, A., Shapira, I., Berliner, S., & Melamed, S. (2005). The association between burnout, depression, anxiety, and inflammation biomarkers: C-reactive protein and fibrinogen, in men and women Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 10, (4), 344-362.

·  Melamed, S., Shirom, A., Toker, S., Berliner, S., & Shapira, I. (2006). Burnout and risk of cardiovascular disease: Evidence, possible causal paths, and promising research directions
Psychological Bulletin. 132(3), pp. 327-353.

·  Melamed, S., Shirom, A., Toker, S., & Shapira, I. (2006). Burnout and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Study of Apparently Healthy Employed PersonsPsychosomatic Medicine, 68, pp. 863-869

·  Rogowski, O., Shapira, I., Shirom, A., Melamed, S., Toker, S., & Berliner, S. (2007). Heart rate and microinflammation in men: a relevant atherothrombotic linkHeart, 93(8), 940-944. 

·  Shirom, A., Toker, S., Shapira, I., Berliner, S., & Melamed, S. (2007). Exposure to and fear of terror as predictors of self-rated health among apparently healthy employees. British Journal of Health Psychology, 257-271.

·  Steinvil, A, Shirom, A., Melamed, S., Toker, S., Justo, S., Saar, I., et al. (2008). Relation of educational level to inflammation-sensitive biomarker levelAmerican Journal of Cardiology, 102(8), pp. 1034-1039.  

· Toker, S., Shirom, A., & Melamed, S. (2008).  Depression and the Metabolic Syndrome: Gender Dependent Associations .  Depression and Anxiety. 25(8) pp. 661-669.

·  Shirom, A., Toker, S., Berliner, S., Shapira, I., & Melamed, S. (2008).The effects of physical fitness and feeling vigorous on self-rated health . Health Psychology, 27(5), pp. 567-575.

·   Shirom, A., Toker, S., Berliner, & S., Shapira, I., (2008). The Job Demand-Control-Support Model and Micro-inflammatory Responses among Healthy Male and Female Employees: A Longitudinal StudyWork & Stress 28(2), pp 661-669.


Ben-Avi, N., Toker, S., & Heller, D. (2018). “If stress is good for me, it's probably good for you too”: Stress mindset and judgment of others' strainJournal of Experimental Social Psychology74, 98-110.

Tel Aviv University, P.O. Box 39040, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel
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